This Amphitheatre owns the name of Coliseum to the statue of the Colossus Solis (adaptation of Colossus of Nero), placed at the side of the circus. The statue was originally placed at the center of Nero's Domus Aurea, adapted and transformed in the Colossus Solis (Colossus of the Sun), was later destroyed and now only the base can be seen.

After Nero was killed the statue was remodeled to represent Sol Invictus, the Sun God, and the sun rays were added around the head. The Coliseum can contain 50,000 spectators, and it is the largest and important Roman amphitheatre, as well as the most spectacular monument of ancient Rome that is still visible today. The amphitheatre was erected on an area on the Eastern side of the Imperial Forum. Its construction was started by Vespasian in 72 AD, it was inaugurated by Titus in 80 AD and was then modified under Domitian.

Included in the Unesco Heritage and also in the list of the Seven Wonders, the Coliseum has an outer travertine fa├žade and is composed of four orders, keeping to the typical structure of Roman buildings dedicated to contests and spectacles. The arena hosted gladiators' contests, wild animal fights and celebrations for the military victories.